The Site of Ancient Olympia

Although secluded near the west coast of the Peloponnese, Olympia became the most important religious and athletic center. Here were born the greatest games of ancient Greece, the Olympics, which was held every four years in honor of Zeus, an institution with nationwide radiation and glare from ancient times to today. The origin of the cult and the mythical confrontations that took place in Olympia lost in the mists of time. Olympia is the one of the most historical sites in Greece. Olympia is the site of the first Olympic Games which were held in 776 BC. . In times

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The castle of Monemvasia

The name is a compound word derived from the two Greek words Moni (Single) and Emvasis (Entrance). Monemvasia’s nickname is “Gibraltar of the East” because it happens to be out identical to the rock of Gibraltar. In Monemvasia the unique landforms of the rock coexist along with human fortifications. As a floating fortress, it is located right at the route of the trade between East and West. Its names are as many as its masters: Monemvasia, Malvasia, Malvazoui, Little Rock and Gibraltar. In ancient times it was called “Accra Minoa” as described by Pausanias, and it used to join the

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The historic town of Messolonghi

Messolonghi  is a small and picturesque town, situated at the edge of the lagoon of Messolonghi. Its name derives from the Italian word mezzo-laghi (in the middle of the lake). The fist settlers of the place were Dalmatian pirates, who settled there because of the lagoon. It was a safety haven and it had abundant fish production. They lived in huts standing on poles over the water level of the lagoon. The town gradually developed a significant merchant marine fleet.  This shipping together with the town itself was extinguished during a revolution in 1770. It was then build again and

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The castle of Mystras

Six kilometers northwest of Sparta lay the now ruined Byzantine city of Mystras, which was a milestone in the history of culture and art. In the mid 13th century, the Franks had conquered the Peloponnese. The Villehardouin II built in 1249 the castle on the east side of Taygetus at the top (620 m) of a steep mountain called cheese. He incorporated Mystras at the core of his imperial possessions, launching a glorious history that made its cycle after six centuries of drama. In 1249 the French Prince built on the Hill Myzithra the famous namesake castle, which was soon

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The Monasteries of Meteora

Shortly after Kalambaka lies the picturesque village of Kastraki, built at the base of the giant rocks of Meteora. The huge rocks of Meteora lie between the mountains Koziakas and Antichasia. This masterpiece of nature reveals all its glory for centuries, and is a unique geological phenomenon of beauty and an important monument of Christianity.  The imposing cut off between the rocks, the height of which reaches in some cases 400 m, is a unique geological phenomenon. The rocks cover an area of about thirty kilometers. Meteora is, after the Holy Mountain, the biggest monastic complex in Greece. That’s why

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The Roman city of Nikopolis

At the south-western side of Epirus at the cape of Preveza lays the Roman city called Nikopolis. In 31 BC, Octavianus Augustus founded the city after the naval battle of Actium. Epictetus (AD 89) and many other intellectuals of the period congregated in Nikopolis. The city got populated gradually in the period of Byzantine. In the Early Byzantine and Roman period, it flourished as the capital of the province of Old Epirus (Epirus Vetus). Nowadays, in the area, the festival of Actium is celebrated in every four years in which many contests are held, such as racing, athletic and musical

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The location of ancient Mycenae

The Mycenae, the palace of the legendary Agamemnon is one of the most important archaeological sites of the Peloponnese. The position of the citadel of Mycenae was privileged and strategic. Naturally and artificially fortified, it not only supervises the entire Argolid plain but it also controls all the passages leading out of the Argolid. Thanks to this privileged position the Mycenaeans had under their control the trade with the southern Greece, Asia Minor, Cyprus and Egypt. As we are informed by Homer in the Iliad, the ruler of Mycenae dominated the Corinthia, Achaia, and of the many islands of the

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The historic town of Nafplio

Nafplion or Nauplion is a city of Peloponnese, capital of Argolida and the main port of the eastern Peloponnese. It is one of the most picturesque cities, and was the capital of the newly formed Greek state in the years 1828 – 1833. Nafplion is known for Bourtzi, a small fort built on an island in the harbor, the Palamidi, a Venetian fortress that dominates the city, the Akronafplia (in Turkish Itch Kale), another Venetian fortress, built on the homonymous peninsula. According to Greek mythology, the site of the present city was founded by Nauplius. The site was fortified with

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The Castle of Methoni

Methoni is a village in Messenia of Greece and is the perfect place to have a well earned vacation. With the beautiful breathtaking sandy beaches, restaurants, taverns, hotels and its historical castle the village is one of the leading tourist destinations and it’s no wonder the industry dominates other sectors such as agriculture which comes second. Located just a short drive from the beautiful town of Pylos, the castle of Methoni is a magical sight to behold. Standing mighty and high imposing its unending glory, this Venetian styled castle covers a vast area of land as it overlooks the sea.

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The Prehistoric town of Knossos

The Greek myths tell us stories about King Minos, the labyrinth and the Minotaur. All this actually took shape only in this century with the discovery of the palace from which Minos ruled. The location of Knossos lies 5 km south of Heraklion, Crete. With the complex plan passes, staircases and hidden rooms, the palace could be named as maze, like the one Minotaur lived in. In reality the ruins are the remnants of a typical complex, with houses and a governor, whose people showed great interest in painting the walls with bright colors and sophisticated hydraulics. Such features make

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