Ancient Greek helmet types

There are many different Ancient Greek helmets that were used by different Greek kingdoms and cities.  The helmets are some of the most recognized in historic war machines. However, the term Greek helmet is broad.  This is mainly because Greek culture is not symbolized mainly by one particular set of helmet. Some of the helmets include Spartan helmet, Corinthian helmets, Chalcidicum helmets, attic helmets, Cretan helmets, Phrygian helmets, Chalcidicum helmets and Illyrian helmets as well as the hat like helmet.  There are many designs that you will find in Greek stores however they are similar in one way or the

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How the ancient Spartans lived

Spartans were living in the Greek city of Sparta which was located at the banks of the river Eurotas at the peninsula southwest of Athens in Peloponnese. It was famous as the military city. It is believed to be founded by the offspring of Taygete and Zeus, called Lacedaemon who got married to the daughter of Eurotas named Sparta. Sparta didn’t create art, philosophy or literature but its citizens were famous for their braveness and because they kept the Greek values alive. The government system was formed by Lycurgus since the late 9th century BC and was mainly oligarchic. The

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The Archidamian War

What was the Archidamian War? It was the first part of the Peloponnesian War (431-404), the enormous clash between Athens and Sparta, which is named after the Spartan king Archidamus II. However, the war started in 431 and ended in 421 of which resulting an Athenian victory and a Spartan defeat. Nevertheless, Athenian political mistakes, Spartan inflexibility, and a shattering Athenian endeavour to triumph over the island of Sicily were amply adequate to alter the balance of power, so that Sparta might get a second opportunity: the Decelean or Ionian War. In the Greek balance of power, the Archidamian War

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The Ionian Revolt

 The Ionian Revolt (499-494 BC) was the result of the hard effort of the Greek cities on the eastern coasts of the Aegean Sea (also known as Ionia of Asia Minor) to free themselves from the Persian inspection which finally ended up to a strong conflict. During this conflict, the abilities of the Greeks and Persians were challenged greatly. The final dominance of the Persians which was a result of the bad organization and the lack of cooperation through the rebellious Greeks. Without a capable leadership, underestimating the Persian military force and internally fragmented, the Ionians of Asia Minor led

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The Ionian or Decelean War

Sparta reinforced its war against Athens in 414 BC. At this time, Sparta had a very powerful army and navy. Athens had suffered serious losses amongst its sailors and finance to support the war was dwindling. Under the orders of King Agis, the Spartans occupied Decelea, effectively blocking the Athenians from accessing their silver mines. Under constant and relentless attacks from the Spartans, the Athenian empire started to crumble. The Persian Empire entered the war in support of Sparta. The military commander, Alcibiades, who had fled to Sparta was called back by the Athenian navy in order to help them.

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The writings of Homer part 2 – Odyssey

   The second of the great writings of Homer is Odyssey. Odyssey is an impressive combination of literary power and nobility and has the timeless ability to express the triumph and the disappointments of life. Both epics, Iliad and Odyssey are poems with imperishable beauty and resplendence. The development of the action in Odyssey is more extensive than the Iliad’s but the structure is more harmonic and compound. This writing of Homer describes with an incredible and immersive way the adventurous return (nostos) of the very intelligent hero of the Trojan War and king of Ithaca (island of the Ionian

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Different kinds of Ancient Greek Ships

Prior to circa 800BC there’s no leading ship type utilized within the fleets of the Aegean Ocean. Most of the vessels were little beyond than extended boats of an ancient design. They’re mainly used in war to carry troops and marine battles were planking actions. Circa eight hundred BC the force was intend and altered marine fights to a competition of manoeuvre and speed. At 1st this guide to the progress of the Penteconter, a smooth butt armed as well as quick war galley control by 50 oars, with 25 to a region and managed by 50 oarsmen. A big

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The Sicilian War

The Sicilian war or the Sicilian Expedition (415-413 BC) was actually the fatal bash for the peace and led to the start of the second Peloponnesian War. In Sicily, the greatest battle of the entire Peloponnesian War took place and determined in advance the end of this conflict after 10 years. The Athenian historian Thucydides lived and wrote down the facts of the entire Peloponnesian War while his writings about the Sicilian War were of his most dramatic. The reason for the campaign was Segesta, a town of the north-western part of Sicily which was in conflict with the neighbouring

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Ancient Greek Hoplite Phalanx Formation

The wing of the phalanx was a fearsome “weapon” for the time that was deployed by the Greeks during the Archaic, Classical and Hellenistic period, from the 7th century BC. Until then, ancient armies were exercising simplistic warfare. Usually, the basic unit was a strong equestrian task force (or chariots), who manned the noble course. The duels were among nobles and the losses were kept relatively small (see Homeric epics). The result was a more prestigious victory, more characteristic of “primitive” cultures where the objective was not the complete annihilation of the enemy. Instead, the phalanx was based on the

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The most famous Ancient Greek Heroes

   In the rich Greek ancient history, we meet very often myths and stories about heroes. But what this means? What is a hero? The people from the ancient years were admiring and honoring men who had a great physical strength and braveness. These are the famous men of the antiquity who have been inspiration for myths and for literature generally, they are not only famous in Greece but they are glorified worldwide. We can separate the Ancient Greek heroes in two categories: the heroes of the ancient Greek mythology and the heroes of the ancient Greek history. Existents or

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